Master the Art of Composting

Date: 1 Mar 2024

In New Zealand, the climate varies significantly from the subtropical north to the temperate south, requiring a tailored approach to composting based on local conditions. This guide will help you transform your kitchen scraps and garden waste into nutrient-rich compost, boosting your garden's health and reducing waste.

Composting Fundamentals

Composting is a natural process that converts organic waste into valuable fertilizer for your garden. It's not only eco-friendly but also a way to reconnect with the natural cycle of growth and decay.

Composting Methods:

  1. Traditional Compost Piles: Ideal for larger gardens, allowing for substantial composting.
  2. Compost Bins: Perfect for smaller spaces or urban gardens.
  3. Vermaculture (Worm Composting): Great for indoor composting or limited outdoor spaces.

Composting Across NZ's Varied Climates

Humid Northern Regions:

  • Ensure proper aeration to prevent your compost from becoming waterlogged and smelly.
  • Cover your compost pile to shield it from heavy rainfall.

Cooler Southern Regions:

  • Insulate your compost to keep the process active during colder months.
  • Layer green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials evenly for efficient decomposition.

Alpine Climates:

  • Use enclosed bins to protect compost from extreme weather.
  • Turn the compost regularly to prevent freezing and maintain adequate temperatures.

Compostable and Non-Compostable Materials


  • Vegetable and fruit scraps
  • Eggshells
  • Coffee grounds and filters
  • Grass clippings and garden waste
  • Leaves
  • Straw or hay


  • Meat and dairy products
  • Diseased plants
  • Weeds that have gone to seed
  • Pet waste

Solving Common Composting Issues

  • Odors: Typically caused by too much moisture or insufficient oxygen. Turn the compost and add more brown materials.
  • Pests: Keep your compost covered and avoid adding meat or sugary foods.
  • Slow Decomposition: Turn the pile more frequently and ensure it remains moist.

Composting is a straightforward yet impactful way to help the environment while enriching your garden. By adapting your composting practices to New Zealand's diverse climates, you can efficiently recycle organic waste and provide your soil with vital nutrients.

For more composting tips, reach out to the Lawn Rite team today 

Master the Art of Composting